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Colonia Agrippīna

or simply Agrippīna. The modern Cologne (Köln); a town on the left bank of the Rhine. There are medals of Colonia Agrippinensis, and the name is found in inscriptions. The place was originally called Oppidum Ubiorum (Tac. Ann. i. 36), and was the chief town of the Ubii; but afterwards Agrippina, the wife of Claudius and daughter of Germanicus, who was born at Oppidum Ubiorum while her father was in command there, prevailed on Claudius in A.D. 51 to send a colony of veterans thither. From that time the place was called after her name. Vitellius was at Cologne when the soldiers proclaimed him emperor (Vitell. 8).

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    • Tacitus, Annales, 1.36
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