previous next


Κυκλάδες). A name applied by the ancient Greeks to that cluster (κύκλος) of islands which encircled Delos. Strabo says that the Cyclades were at first only twelve in number, but were afterwards increased to fifteen. These, as we learn from Artemidorus, were Ceos, Cythnos, Seriphos, Melos, Siphnos, Cimolos, Prepesinthos, Olearos, Paros, Naxos, Syros, Myconos, Tenos, Andros, and Gyaros, which last, however, Strabo himself was desirous of excluding, from its being a mere rock, as also Prepesinthos and Olearos.

It appears from the Greek historians that the Cyclades were first inhabited by the Phœnicians, Carians, and Leleges, whose piratical habits rendered them formidable to the cities on the continent till they were conquered and finally extirpated by Minos (Thuc.i. 4; Herod.i. 171). These islands were subsequently occupied for a short time by Polycrates, tyrant of Samos, and the Persians; but after the battle of Mycalé (B.C. 479) they became dependent on the Athenians.

hide References (2 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (2):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.171
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.4
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: