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or Decarchia (δεκαδαρχία, δεκαρχία). A council or government of ten.


In Thessaly, established by Philip on his conquest of that country and the overthrow of its tyrants in B.C. 352, after a defeat in the previous year (Demosth. Phil. ii. p. 71.22).


Introduced by Lysander at the close of the Peloponnesian War, and established in many Greek cities by the Lacedaemonians, who intrusted to it the whole government of the State under the direction of a Spartan harmost. It always consisted of the leading members of the aristocratic party (Xen. Hell. vi. 3.8). The form δεκαδαρχία is used by Demosthenes of the Thessalian institution, and δεκαρχία by Xenophon and Isocrates of the Lacedaemonian.

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  • Cross-references from this page (2):
    • Demosthenes, Philippic 2, 22
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 6.3.8
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