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The lowest of the three classes of freedmen at Rome (Gaius, i. 26).

The Lex Aelia Sentia (A.D. 4) provided that, if a slave was put in bonds by his master as a punishment, or branded, or put to the torture on a criminal charge and convicted, or delivered to fight with men or beasts, or committed to a gladiatorial school (ludus) or a public prison, and was subsequently manumitted by the same or by another owner, he should acquire by manumission the status of a peregrinus dediticius. The peregrini dediticii were people who, in former times, having taken up arms and fought against the people of Rome, had surrendered themselves.

Gaius , from whom this account of the origin of dediticii is taken ( Inst. i. 12-16), also informs us of the incapacities to which this class of freedmen were subject. Dediticii could never under any circumstances acquire Roman citizenship. They were not allowed to reside in Rome or within the hundredth mile-stone from it (cf. Liv.viii. 14.6); if they disobeyed this prohibition they forfeited their liberty and their goods and were made incapable of subsequent manumission. They did not participate in any of the rights of citizenship, but only had the status of peregrini. This class of persons had died out long before the time of Justinian; it was, however, formally abolished by that emperor (Cod. vii. 5).

The form of deditio occurs in Livy (i. 38).

hide References (2 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (2):
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 8, 14
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1, 38
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