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τέκτων). The name given indiscriminately to any artisan or mechanic who works in hard materials, such as wood, stone, metal, etc., in contradistinction to one who moulds or models in soft substances, like wax or clay, who received the appellation of plastes. It is, consequently, accompanied in most cases by a descriptive epithet which determines the calling of the workman alluded to; as faber tignarius, a carpenter; faber ferrarius, a blacksmith; faber aeris or aerarius, marmoris, eboris, a worker in bronze, marble, and ivory; and so on. The Greek term has not quite so extensive a meaning as the Latin one, being rarely applied to a worker in metal, who was expressly called χαλκεύς or σιδηρεύς, though some passages occur where it is so used. The accompanying illustration represents a carpenter's shop,

Carpenter's Shop. (From a painting found at Herculaneum.)

from a painting found at Herculaneum, in which the workmen are represented under the form of genii, according to the conventional treatment of the ancient schools, for subjects of this nature, in which scenes of ordinary life are depicted. The fabri attached to the army were under the command of a special officer (praefectus fabrorum) (B. C. i. 24).

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