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Dimin. Malleŏlus (σφῦρα). A hammer or mallet. In Greek, σφῦρα is the generic term, and ῥαιστήρ and κέστρα denote the heavy hammer used by smiths, while κροταφίς is a hammer with one end sharpened like a pick. In Latin, the heavy hammer is called marcus, and the

Ancient Hammers. 1. Carpenter's Hammer. 2. Smith's Hammer. 3. Butcher's Hammer.

smaller varieties marculus and marcellus. The smith's hammer, shown in no. 2, is of wood, bound with iron. The butcher's hammer or mallet in no. 3 was used in slaughtering oxen, and also by the popa (q. v.) at sacrifices.

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