). A hammer or mallet. In Greek, σφῦρα
the generic term, and ῥαιστήρ
denote the heavy hammer used by smiths, while κροταφίς
is a hammer with one end sharpened like a pick. In Latin, the heavy
hammer is called marcus
, and the
Ancient Hammers. 1. Carpenter's Hammer. 2. Smith's Hammer. 3. Butcher's Hammer.
smaller varieties marculus
The smith's hammer, shown in no. 2, is of wood, bound with iron. The
butcher's hammer or mallet in no. 3 was used in slaughtering oxen, and also by the popa
(q. v.) at sacrifices.