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Μεταπόντιον) and Metapontum. A celebrated Greek city in Lucania, and on the Tarentine gulf, originally called Metabum (Μέταβον). It was founded by the Greeks at an early period, was afterwards destroyed by the Samnites, and was repeopled by a colony of Achaeans. It fell into the hands of the Romans with the other Greek cities in the south of Italy in the war against Pyrrhus; but it revolted to Hannibal after the battle of Cannae (Livy, xxii. 61), and soon after disappears from history. Pythagoras died at Metapontium, whither he had transferred his school.

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    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 22, 61
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