Pigres（Πίγρης). A Greek poet of Halicarnassus, regarded by Baumeister and others as author of the Batrachomyomachia (q. v.). He is said to have been either the brother or son of Queen Artemisia (q.v.) of Caria. Besides the work mentioned, a poem called Margites is ascribed to him by Suidas (s. v.) and by Plutarch. He also inserted a pentameter line after each hexameter in the Iliad —a very curious literary freak. The following will serve as an illustration ( Il. i. 1):
Μῆνιν ἄειδε θεὰ Πηληιάδεω Ἀχιλλῆος,
Μοῦσα γὰρ σὺ πάσης πείρατ̓ ἔχεις σοφίης: He is also said to have been the first poet to introduce the iambic trimeter. See Homerus.