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A sort of spring-cart, used chiefly at Rome by women of the upper classes. No representation of the Roman pilentum is known to exist, and hence its form is a matter of conjecture. It had, however, four wheels, was fitted with cushions, and was used on occasions of state for conveying the Roman matrons, flamines, and Vestals in processions and to the public games (Verg. Aen. viii. 666; Epist. ii. 1, 192; Livy, i. 21; Claud. De Nupr. Honor. 285; Isidor. Orig. xx. 12). It was covered at the top, but open at the sides. See Ginzrot, Die Wagen der Alten, ch. liv.

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  • Cross-references from this page (2):
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 8.666
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1, 21
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