A sort of spring-cart, used chiefly at Rome by women of the upper classes. No
representation of the Roman pilentum
is known to exist, and hence its
form is a matter of conjecture. It had, however, four wheels, was fitted with cushions, and
was used on occasions of state for conveying the Roman matrons, flamines
, and Vestals in processions and to the public games (Verg. Aen. viii. 666
ii. 1, 192; Livy, i. 21
; Claud. De Nupr. Honor.
Orig. xx. 12
). It was covered at the top, but open at the sides. See
Ginzrot, Die Wagen der Alten
, ch. liv.