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and Pomoerium. A name given by the Romans to the space, originally along the city wall within and without, which was left vacant and reckoned holy. This space was marked off by stones, and in respect to the auspices formed the limit between city and country. (See Livy, i. 44, and Cicero, Nat. D. ii. 11, with the note of J. B. Mayor.) The form Pomerium is now generally approved (Mommsen in Hermes, x. 40), though the other spelling is more harmonious with the etymology of the word (post-moerium).

The old Pomerium remained unchanged until the time of Sulla ; after him it was again extended by Claudius, Nero, Vespasian, and Titus, and probably also by Augustus, Trajan, and Aurelian. An extension of the Pomerium was only admissible on the ground of an extension of the legal boundaries of the Empire (Tac. Ann. xii. 23). See Templum.

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