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Scandia, Scandinavia

or Scatinavia. The name given vaguely by the ancients to Norway, Sweden, and the surrounding islands, such as Fünen, Zealand, and Laaland. The Scandinavian peninsula was very imperfectly known even to the later Romans, who regarded it as an island or rather as a collection of islands which Ptolemy calls Scandiae. The geographers speak of a lofty mountain which they call Sevo, and of a Sinus Codanus, which is possibly the Cattegat. (See Ptol. ii. 11, 33; Pliny , Pliny H. N. iv. 96; and Mela, iii. 3, 6). The people inhabiting the country were called by Pliny and Tacitus, Hilleviones (Tac. Germ. 44).

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    • Tacitus, Germania, 44
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