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θυρεός). The large oblong shield generally adopted by the Roman infantry instead of the round buckler (clipeus), at the period when the military ceased to serve without pay. It was about four feet long by two and a half wide; formed out of boards, like a door (whence the Greek terms θύρα and θυρεός), firmly joined together and covered over with coarse cloth, under an outer coating of raw-hide, attached and strengthened round

Roman Soldiers with Shields. (Bartoli.)

the edges by a metal rim. The men of each legion had their shields painted of a different colour and charged with distinctive symbols (Livy, i. 43; viii. 8; Pliny , Pliny H. N. xvi. 77; Aen viii. 662; Veg. Mil. ii. 18; Polyb. ii. 30, 3; vi. 23, 2). See Arma; Clipeus.

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  • Cross-references from this page (2):
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 16.77
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1, 43
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