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σπεῖρα), dim. spirŭla.


The base of a column, a member not existing in the Doric order,

Spirae of Two Columns. (Left-hand figure from the Temple of Panops [Ionic] on the Ilissus; right-hand figure from the Temple of Athené Polias at Athens.)

but always present in the Ionic and Corinthian. A special kind of base was called the Attic (Ἀττικουργές), it being really a variety of the Ionic.


A kind of cracker or cake made in a spiral form, like a sort of cruller (Cato , R. R. 77).

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