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κέραμος, κεραμίς). A tile of baked clay. The name is applied as a generic term to (a) testae or wall-tiles; (b) tubi, tegulae mammatae, flue-tiles; and (c) tiles for roofing. In early Rome shingles (scandulae) were generally used for covering houses, but from the third century on tiles replaced them (Pliny , Pliny H. N. xvi. 36). Tiles were originally flat, but afterwards were made with a rustic flange on each side, as shown below. See more fully under Fictilé.

Ancient Tiles. 1. Section of tiles from Pompeii. 2. Ornamental fronts of tiles. 3. Frontons of tiled roofs.

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    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 16.36
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