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and (incorrectly) Thus (λιβανωτός). Frankincense; a fragrant gum from a tree of Arabian growth, employed by the ancients at the sacrifice, in the service of the temples, and other ceremonials. It was carried to the altar by a boy (camil-

Turibulum. (Pompeian bronze.)

lus) in a small square case (acerra), from which a few grains were taken out, and sprinkled over the burning altar (ara turicrema); or it was made up into pastilles, which were carried in a deep dish (catinus), and thence dropped upon a lighted brazier (focus turicremus); or, finally, it was kindled in a censer (turibulum), which was carried in the hand, and swung backwards and forwards to give out and diffuse its vapour, as in the ceremonies of the Roman Catholic Church (Hor. Carm. iii. 8, 2; Pers. v. 120). See the illustration from a Pompeian bronze original. Cf. Acerra; Sacrificium.

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