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Τυδεύς). The son of Oeneus, king of Calydon, and Periboea. He was obliged to leave Calydon in consequence of some murder which he had committed, but which is differently described by different authors. He fled to Adrastus at Argos, who purified him from the murder, and gave him his daughter Deïpylé in marriage, by whom he became the father of Diomedes, who is hence frequently called Tydīdes. He accompanied Adrastus in the expedition against Thebes, where he was wounded by Melanippus, who, however, was slain by him ( Il. xiv. 114-132). When Tydeus lay on the ground wounded, Athené appeared to him with a remedy which she had received from Zeus, and which was to make him immortal. This, however, was prevented by a stratagem of Amphiaraüs, who hated Tydeus, for he cut off the head of Melanippus and brought it to Tydeus, who divided it and ate the brain, or devoured some of the flesh. Athené, seeing this, shuddered, and left Tydeus to his fate. He consequently died, and was buried by Macon (Apollod. iii.6.8; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 1273).

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