The southeastern division of ancient Babylonia as
distinguished from the northwestern division, which was called Sumir. The Akkadians, who
appear to have come originally from Elam, were the dominant race in Babylonia at the time of
its earliest history, and to them the Assyrians ascribed the civilization of Babylonia, and
the invention of the cuneiform writing. There was also a city, Akkad, in the “land
of Shinar.” See Assyria
; Cuneiform Inscriptions.