previous next


or Calĭda (sc. aqua). A hot drink of the Greeks and Romans, mentioned as early as Plato, who calls it θερμόν. It was probably nothing more than hot water, flavoured with spices and herbs; and though wine was often drunk with it, there is no good reason for considering calda a sort of punch or negus in which wine was already

Bronze Vessels for serving the Calda. (Pompeii.)

mixed. Hot water is occasionally mentioned as a drink (cf. Athenaeus, ii. 45 d; Lucian, Asin. p. 575; Mart.viii. 67), and the most that can be inferred from the passages usually cited is that wine was separately served while the guest had the choice of hot or cold water to mix with it, according to his taste. Shops or taverns called thermopolia served the same drink, and we read of decrees of the emperors closing them on the occasion of a death in the imperial family. (See Caupona.) The water was heated for this purpose in an aënum or caccabus (q. v.), and kept hot in the authepsa (q. v.), a vessel resembling our tea-urns.

hide References (1 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (1):
    • Martial, Epigrammata, 8.67
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: