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A spring.


A fountain. Ornamental edifices were erected by both the Greeks and Romans over natural springs, such as the temple of Erechtheus at Athens and of Poseidon at Mantinea (both over salt springs), that of Salmacis at Halicarnassus (Vitruv. ii. 8.12), and that of the so-called Grotto of Egeria near Rome. (Cf. Vitruv. viii. 3.7; Plin. H. N. xxxvi. 154.

At Rome, also, a good proportion of the water brought into the city by the aqueducts was devoted to the public fountains. Of these there were two classes, the lacus (ponds or reservoirs) and the salientes or jets d'eau. Agrippa alone is said to have constructed 700 lacus and 500 salientes. Fountains

Street Fountain. (Pompeii.)

were also used in the atria of houses (see Domus), and the basins exhibited a great variety of ornament, sculptural and otherwise. On the Monte Cavallo at Rome is a fountain representing the colossal figure of a river-god, perhaps the Rhine, which pours a stream into a basin of granite

Statues at a Fountain. (Pompeii.)

twenty-seven feet in diameter. There are other excellent examples in the Capitoline Museum, and the celebrated group of the Farnese Bull (q.v.) probably once adorned a fountain. Some of the fountain-statuettes are of the finest artistic workmanship. See Stieglitz, Archäol. d. Baukunst, ii. pt. 2, pp. 76, 79; Middleton, Remains of Ancient Rome, ii. pp. 329, 349, 350, 351 (London, 1892).

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