The Seven Sages
Under this name were included in antiquity seven men living in the period from B.C. 620-550.
They were distinguished for practical wisdom, and conducted the affairs of their country as
rulers, lawgivers, and councillors, and were reputed to be the authors of certain short maxims
in common use, which were variously assigned among them; the names also of the seven were
differently given. Those usually mentioned are: Cleobūlus
, tyrant of Lindus in Rhodes (“Moderation is the chief
, tyrant of Corinth,
668-584 (“Forethought in all things”); Pittăcus
of Mitylené, born about 650, deliverer and
of his native city (“Know thine
of Priené in
Caria, about B.C. 570 (“Too many workers spoil the work”); Thales
of Miletus, 639-536 (“To be surety
brings ruin”); Chilon of Sparta (“Know
(“Nothing in excess,” i. e. observe moderation).