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Τάνις; Egypt. Ta-an; O. T. Zoan). A very ancient city of Lower Egypt, in the eastern part of the Delta, on the right bank of the arm of

Shrine of Rameses II. at Tanis. (Photograph by Flinders Petrie.)

the Nile, which was called after it the Tanitic, and on the southwest side of the great lake between this and the Pelusiac branch of the Nile, which was also called, after the city, Tanis (Lake of Menzaleh). It was one of the capitals of Lower Egypt under the Hyksos kings (B.C. 2100), and the chief city of the Tanites Nomos. In 1883-84 its ruins were explored by Flinders Petrie, whose monograph (1885) gives an account of his discoveries. See also Edwards, Pharaohs, Fellahs, and Explorers (New York, 1892), which is lavishly supplied with illustrations from photographs taken by Mr. Petrie.

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