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BASTAGA´RII The word bastaga (connected with βαστάζειν) in Low Latin was applied to the duty of transport of goods belonging either to the state or to the emperor, from one part of the empire to another (Ducange, s. v.). The carriers were called bastagarii; they formed a corporation, and, like most functionaries of their time, they could not desert their special branch of duty (Cod. Theod. 10.20, 11). In an emergency in 368 A.D. they are assigned every tenth (or fifth, according to the Justinian Code, 11.8, 4) draught animal to supply anew their stock of beasts of burden (Cod. Theod. 10.20, 4). From the Notitia Dignitatum (Occ. 11.78-85) we learn that there were four transports a year from the East to Italy and back again (adopting Seeck's admirable addition Italicianae). The praepositi of such bastagae, who belonged to the class of cohortales (Cod. Theod. 12.58, 3), had the duty of seeing to the loading and unloading of the transports (see Böcking ad loc. 2.365 ff.). Of the transports in question, one praepositus superintended the unloading of the first from the East to Italy, and the loading of the fourth from Italy to the East; another the unloading of the second from the East to Italy, and the loading of the third from Italy to the East, and so on. For these praepositi were stationed in Italy, and so under the control of the Comes Sacrarum Largitionum of the West. We also hear (Occ. 12.28, 29) of a bastaga rei privatae Orientalis inferioris (i. e. according to Böcking, 2.391, that which came by the mare Inferum), and bastaga privatarum Galliarum under the Comes rerum privatarum. (Besides Böcking and Seeck on the Notitia, see also L. Bouchard, Étude sur l'administration des finances de l'Empire romain dans les derniers temps de son existence, pp. 296-298, who, however, does not give sufficient evidence for his statements.)


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