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BESA or BESSA (βήσα, Eustath. on Od. 1.1405 b, 16; βήσσα, Ath. 11.784b; βησίον,

Besa or Bessa, an Alexandrine vessel, having the image of the god Bes. (Birch's Ancient Pottery.)

an Alexandrine vessel used both for drinking from and also for holding perfumes in, of the [p. 1.297]shape of a flask, broad at the bottom and gradually getting narrower towards the top (Ath. l. c.); similar to the ἀλάβαστρον (Schol. on Aristoph. Ach. 1048, compared with 1050) or the βομβύλιος, which Suidas defines by βησίον. In Anth. Pal. Appendix 30, 3, Dindorf and Jacobs understand βήσαν as the name of a dancer, but Ussing does not see any reason to refuse to take it as a goblet propter salientem inde liquorem. The vessel is Egyptian, so called from having the features of the god Bes modelled on it, and we may see the shape of it in Birch (Ancient Pottery, p. 29). (See also Ussing, De nominibus vasorum Graecorum, p. 62; Krause, Angeiologie, 379, 380, 407, 408.)


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