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CALA´TOR

CALA´TOR (KALATOR, Orell. Inscr. 2431, 2432; καλήτωρ, Dionys.), originally a slave employed as a caller or crier (Plaut. Merc. 5.2, 11; Pseud. 4.2, 52; Bud. 2.3, 5): the nomenclator or prompter of names to a candidate was a specimen of this class (Hor. Ep. 1.6, 50; aliena memoria salutamus, Plin. Nat. 29.19; AMBITUS). The derivation from καλεῖν (Lat. calare; cf. kalendae) is given by Paulus Diaconus (p. 18, Müller); but he ridiculously adds that it was because they had to come when they were called. In this sense the word became obsolete; but it survived as the name of certain attendants on the members of the higher priesthoods, each of whom nominated a calator from among his own freedmen.

Besides the ARVALES (q. v.), we find in the four inscriptions preserved by Orellius, Kalatores Pontificum et Flaminum, 2431; Kalatores Titialium Flavialium, 2432 (here a boy dying at 15 has held the office); Calator Epulonum Libertus, 2433; Dispensator Calatorum Augurum, 2434, cf. Suet. de Ill. Gramm. 100.12: and Orellius remarks that all sacerdotia had their calatores. (Marini, Atti de' Fratelli Arvali, p. 210; Henzen, Acta Fr. Arvalium, pp. 7.8.160; Marquardt, 6.219; Mommsen, Staatsr. i.2 344.)

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