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E´CLOGEIS (ἐκλογεῖς), Athenian collectors of taxes, were of two kinds. 1. Ordinary, who collected the εἰσφορὰ under the ἡγεμόνες τῶν συμμοριῶν (Westermann, ap. Pauly, s. v. ἐκλογεῖς, Harpocrat., Suid.): called also ἐκλέγοντες, Dem. c. Timocr. p. 713.40; 745.144. This was an ἀρχὴ κληρωτή for which no property qualification was required (Dem. c. Androt. p. 608.48) [EISPHORA]. 2. Extraordinary, appointed when the tribute (φόρος) of the allies fell into arrears, to supplement the action of the Hellenotamiae, its regular administrators : these were chosen (ᾑρέθησαν) from the richer classes only, as an ἀρχὴ χειροτονητή (Antiph. fr. 52, Blass; Lys. fr. 5 Bekk.=9 Scheibe [both these in Harpocration]; Bekk. Anecd. 245, 33; C. I. A. 1.38). This inscription dates from B.C. 446, and is thought to allude to their first appointment; before that year only slight traces of the enforcement of arrears occur. The Athenian power on land had just been curtailed by the loss of Boeotia (447); and they made up for it by a harsher exercise of their maritime empire. (Boeckh, P. E. p. 156=Sthh.3 1.190; U. Köhler, Urkunden und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte des delisch-attischen Bundes, pp. 132-3; Gilbert, Staatsalterth. 1.398.)


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