Athenian collectors of taxes, were of two kinds. 1. Ordinary, who collected
under the ἡγεμόνες τῶν συμμοριῶν
Pauly, s. v. ἐκλογεῖς,
called also ἐκλέγοντες,
p. 713.40; 745.144. This was an ἀρχὴ κληρωτή
for which no property qualification was
required (Dem. c. Androt.
p. 608.48) [EISPHORA
]. 2. Extraordinary,
appointed when the tribute (φόρος
) of the
allies fell into arrears, to supplement the action of the Hellenotamiae, its
regular administrators : these were chosen (ᾑρέθησαν
) from the richer classes only, as an ἀρχὴ χειροτονητή
52, Blass; Lys. fr.
5 Bekk.=9 Scheibe
[both these in Harpocration]; Bekk. Anecd.
245, 33; C.
1.38). This inscription dates from B.C. 446, and is
thought to allude to their first appointment; before that year only slight
traces of the enforcement of arrears occur. The Athenian power on land had
just been curtailed by the loss of Boeotia (447); and they made up for it by
a harsher exercise of their maritime empire. (Boeckh, P. E.
3 1.190; U. Köhler,
Urkunden und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte des delisch-attischen
pp. 132-3; Gilbert, Staatsalterth.