), a harbourduty collected at the Peiraeus, the nature
of which is not exactly determined. Some have identified it with the PENTECOSTÉ or 2 per cent. duty on
imports; against this, however, is the mention of ἐλλιμενισταί
(Dem. c. Phorm.
251, 30), as if distinct from the better known
Boeckh's conjecture is
very generally received, that it may have been the same as the ἑκατοστὴ
mentioned by Xenophon (Rep.
1.17) as levied on foreign ships entering the Peiraeus; a
duty paid for the use of the harbour, whether goods were unladen or not. But
in an enumeration of the revenues by Aristophanes we find λιμένας
different from the ἑκατοστὰς
658. A line of Eupolis, ἐλλιμένιον δοῦναι πρὶν εἰσβῆναί σεδεῖ
42 M.), looks as though it were a tax on
passengers, not on goods (Boeckh, P. E.
3 1.393; Gilbert,
1.332; Sandys on Dem. c.