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GA´LLICAE sc. soleae or crepidae, were a kind of low shoes intermediate between the calcei, which were half-boots, and the soleac, which did not cover the foot at all. They thus resembled the CREPIDAE, but were reckoned by the Latin writers among the SOLEAE; the question to which class they belong is discussed in Gel. 13.22 (21), § 5. Two specimens, from Gaulish figures on a relief found at Rome, are given by Rich (s. v.); one of these is without any fastening, like a slipper, the other laced in front. The wearing of gallicae, as of other soleae, was accounted negligent if not effeminate; a point which comes out in the only two classical passages where they are mentioned. In Gellius (13.22) the story is told of one Castricius, a professor of rhetoric under Hadrian, who rebuked his pupils for coming to his lecture tunicis et lacernis indutos et gallicis calciatos; not wearing the toga might be excused by custom, but coming soleati was altogether wanting in decorum. So Cicero contrasts his own travelling dress with that of Antonius, cum calceis et toga, nullis nec gallicis nec lacerna (Phil. 2.30.76). The etiquette which prescribed the wearing of calcei within the city, and in official dress everywhere,. has been noticed under CALCEUS: we add Cic. in Verr. 5.33, § 86; in. Pis. 6.13. Under the later empire gallicae were much more generally worn, and various sorts are mentioned as in common use among the price-lists of the Edict of Diocletian ( “gallicae viriles rusticanae bisoles, gallicae viriles monosoles, gallicae cursoriae,” Ed. Diocl. 9, 12 ff.; Marquardt, Privatl. 577).


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