), a grappling-iron,
a drag, a flesh-hook (Ex. 27.3; 1 Sam. 2.13, 14 Sept.=fuscinula
Vulg.; Aristoph. Kn.
6 M.). The iron-fingered flesh-hook
2.215 = Anth. Pal.
described by the Scholiast on Aristophanes (Ep.
“an instrument used in cookery, resembling a hand with the fingers
bent inwards, used to that boiled meat out of the caldron.” Four
specimens of it, in bronze, are in the British Museum. [p. 1.934]
One of them is here represented. Into its hollow extremity a
wooden handle was inserted.
Harpago, flesh-hook. (British Museum.)
A similar instrument, or even the flesh-hook itself (Aristoph.
l.c.; Eur. Cycl. 33
was used to draw up a bucket or to recover anything which had fallen into a
well (Menand. fr.
730 M.; Hesych. s. vv.
Ἁρπάγη, Κρεάγρα, Λύκος,
). For the
applied to hooked instruments,
cf. L. and S. s. v.
In war the grappling-iron, thrown at an enemy's ship, seized the rigging, and
was then used to drag the ship within reach, so that it might be easily
boarded or destroyed (Ἅρπαξ,
Ath. v. p. 208 d; Appian, App. BC 5.118
asseres ferreo unco praefixi
). These instruments appear to have been much the same as
the manus ferreae
ferreae atque harpagones,
; D. C.
). The manus ferreae
were employed by
Duilius against the Carthaginians (Flor. 2.2
2.3.24), and were said to have been invented
by Pericles (Plin. Nat. 7.209