), the judges in the Olympic and Nemean games, of
whom an account is given under OLYMPIA. The same name was also given to the
judges or court-martial in the Lacedaemonian army (Xen. Rep. Lac. 13
§ 11); and they were probably first called by this name when Sparta
was at the head of the Greek confederacy. As the name implies, their
jurisdiction must have been international, not exclusively Spartan.
According to Gilbert (Staatsalterth.
i. pp. 65, 81), they
were not military officers, but attached to the army in a civil capacity,
like the κρεοδαίτης, ταμίαι,