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HEMI´NA (ἡμίνα or ἡμῖνα), the name of [p. 1.942]Greek and Roman measure, the half of the standard measure of capacity, the ξέστης, and therefore equivalent to κοτύλη. The word is originally Sicilian; see the quotations from Epicharmus and Sophron, ap. Ath. xi. p. 479 a, b, xiv. p. 648 d; in the latter passage one of the speakers declares that it is not good Greek. It is obviously connected with ἥμισυς (Hesych. sub voce), and some have thought that it was merely a dialectic form; it may, however, have been softened from ἡμίμνα, “half a pound.” The long penultima favours this derivation; and the saying “a pint is a pound” is approximately true of ancient as well as modern measures. The ἡμίνα passed into the Roman metrical system, where it is used with exactly the same force; namely, for a measure which is half the SEXTARIUS and equal to the Greek COTYLE (Plaut. Mil. Glor. 3.2, 18; pers. Sat. 1.130; Auct. Carm. de Pond. 67, 68). It is sometimes found as a dry measure (Plin. Nat. 18.9; Cels. 4.10 and 15). (Cf. Boeckh, Metrol. Untersuch. pp. 17, 200, 203; Hultsch, Metrol. p. 91 ff.)

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