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HIPPODAMEIA

HIPPODAMEIA (ἱπποδάμεια, sc. ἔργα) is an adjective derived from the name of the architect Hippodamus of Miletus, who is said to have been the first of the Greeks who built whole cities on a regular architectural plan; and hence the word is applied to such cities, and to the public places and buildings in them. Peiraeus, for example, was designed by Hippodamus, and its market-place was called Ἱπποδάμειος ἀγορά (Xen. Hell. 2.4, § 11), Ἱπποδαμεία ἀγ. (Andoc. de Myst. § 45, Harpocrat. s. v. or simply Ἱπποδαμεία ([Dem.] c. Timoth. p. 1190.22). Hippodamus flourished during the second half of the fifth century B.C. (See Dict. of Biogr., art. Hippodamus; Dict. of Geogr., art. Athenae, pp. 306 b, 308 a; Müller, Archäol. d. Kunst, § 111.)

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