a flock of white and red wool, which was
slightly twisted, drawn into the form of a wreath or fillet, and used by the
Romans for ornament on festive and solemn occasions. In sacrificing it was
tied with a white riband [VITTA
to the head of the victim (Verg. G. 3.487
Lucret. 1.88; Sueton. Calig.
27), and also of the priest,
more especially in the worship of Apollo and Diana, but sometimes of other
deities as well. ( “Sacerdotes Cereris cum infulis ac verbenis,”
Cic. Ver. 4.50, § 110
; Verg. A. 2.430
; Servius, in loc.;
19.30; Festus, s. v. Infulae.
) The “torta infula” was worn also by the
Vestal Virgins. (Prud. c. Symm.
2.1085, 1094.) It would seem
that the infula was itself knotted at intervals with the vitta (Rich) ; the
loose flocks of wool would require some such fastening, and it is thus
represented on a painting found at Herculaneum. At Roman marriages the
bride, who carried wool upon a distaff in the procession [FUSUS
], fixed it as an infula upon
the door-posts of her future husband on entering the house. (Lucan 2.355
; Servius ad
Verg. A. 4.459
Vol. II. p.