), a sum of money required of a plaintiff or
petitioner in certain cases, as a security that his complaint or demand was
not frivolous, or made on slight and insufficient grounds. Such was the
deposit made in certain inheritance causes, viz. not only by a person who
claimed an inheritance already adjudged ([Dem.] c. Macart.
1054.16; Isae. Hagn.
§ § 13, 27; Bunsen,
de jure hered. Ath.
p. 92, limits the paracatabole to
such causes, and Boeckh, Sthh.
3 i. p.
430, explains Harpocr. s. v. in the same sense), but also by a person who
entered a διαμαρτυρία μὴ ἐπίδικον εἶναι τὸν
§ 12, etc.),
or who claimed an inheritance as having a better title than others by having
been adopted (Dem. c. Leoch.
p. 1090.34) or by testament
§ 4): cf. Pollux, 8.32, ἀντιλέγει ὡς αὐτὸς δικαιότερος ὢν ἔχειν τὸν
κλῆρον ἐξ ἀγχιστείας ἢ διαθηκῶν.
The amount of the
deposit in such causes was a tenth part of the value of the property
claimed: it was returned to the petitioner, if successful; otherwise it went
to the opponent, or in case of rival claims to an inheritance to the state
§ 11). In the proceeding termed
which was a suit
instituted against the public treasury by a creditor to obtain payment out
of his debtor's confiscated goods ([Dem.] c. Timoth.
1198.46), a fifth part of the value was deposited (Harpocr. s. vv.
), which sum went to the state in case the
petitioner was not successful (C. I. A.
ii. No. 777). From
this inscription it is likewise evident that the term ἐγγύης καταβολὴ
was used in the sense of παρακαταβολὴ
in this proceeding (cf. Suid. s. v.
ἐνεπισκήψασθαι καὶ ἐγγύην
p. 340, 38, etc.). The
money was deposited either on the commencement of the cause or at the
The word παρακαταβολὴ
signifies both the paying of the
deposit and the money deposited; and being a word of more general import, we
find it used to denote other kinds of deposits, as the πρυτανεῖα
(cf. Isocr. c. Leoch.
§ 2); it is probably used in
this wider sense in Dem. c. Pantaen.
p. 978.41, in a δίκη βλάβης.
Lipsius, pp. 800, 814-822.)