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PLINTHUS (πλίνθος), a brick or tile [LATER], or a squared stone for building; so of the marble blocks for the walls of the Erechtheum (C. I. G. 160, 50.10). The word is especially used by Vitruvius (also plinthis) and in modern architectural works, to denote the square block that sometimes forms the lower member of the base in the Ionic and Corinthian orders. In the best known Attic instances of the Ionic order no plinth exists. See SPIRA, COLUMNA.


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