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PUPA (κόρη, νύμφη), a doll. Greek and Roman children commonly had dolls, made often of terra-cotta, but also of other substances,--wood, ivory, wax, &c. Wax dolls were by no means uncommon, and for these the Greeks had special names, δάγυνον or δαγὺς and πλαγγών (Phot. s. v. πλαγγών: Schol. ad Theocr. 2.110). They were frequently made with movable limbs, as in the example given by Baumeister (Denkm. p. 778) from the Crimea. The Greek girls before their marriage dedicated their dolls to Artemis (Anth. Pal. 6.280); at Rome girls dedicated their dolls to the Lares, as boys did their bullae, or to Venus (Pers. 2.70): but if they died as children, the dolls were buried with them; many have been found in tombs. Those whose limbs were moved by strings were called νευρόσπαστα, and figures so constructed were exhibited as regular marionettes on a stage, or for entertainment in private houses. (Xen. Symp. 4.5. 5; Athen. 1.19; cf. Hor. Sat. 2.7, 82.) [Becq de Fouquières, Jeux des Anciens, p. 27 ff.; Becker-Göll, Charikles, 1.282; Gallus, 2.34; Blümner, Technologie, 2.123.]


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