previous next


RUNCI´NA (ῥυκάνη), a plane (Tertull. Apol. 12; Plin. Nat. 16.225), is delineated among joiners' tools (Instrumen. Fabr. Tignar.) in the woodcut at p. 243. Another example of similar form, but with the wooden box also shown, may be seen in Blümner: in both these we see two holes for the passage of the shavings, one on each side of the handle, instead of one, as in modern planes. The Latin and Greek names for this instrument gave origin to the corresponding transitive verbs runcino and ῥυκανάω, meaning “to plane.” (Varro, L. L. 5.96; Poll. 10.146; Anth. Pal. 6.204; Blümner, Technol. 2.227.)

[J.Y] [G.E.M]

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: