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VIGINTI SEX VIRI under the Republic, or VIGINTIVIRI under the Empire, a name given to a group of minor magistrates at Rome, who, though of different origin and functions, formed in a certain sense a unity, from the fact. that under the Republic it was usual, and under the Empire probably legally requisite, for one of them to be held before a man could become a candidate for the quaestorship. The former name is mentioned by Festus, p. 233, and D. C. 54.26, and in four inscriptions (cf. C. I. L. 1.186), all dating from the time of Augustus. We do not know whether it was in use earlier. The latter occurs in Dio Cass. l.c. and 60.5, and in Tac. Ann. 3.29 (cf. Lipsius' note), but never in inscriptions, where the title of the special office is always used. The magistrates grouped under the name were: 1. tres viri capitales; 2. tres viri aeri argento auro, flando feriundo, sometimes called monetales; 3. quattuor viri viis in urbe purgandis; 4. duo viri viis extra urbem purgandis (abolished in, B.C. 20); 5. decen viri litibus judicandis; 6. quattuor praefecti Capuam Cumas (abolished under Augustus). An account of each of these has been given under its own heading. They were probably all elected at one time by the, tribes; but under the Empire they were chosen by the senate, and it was not usual that the, emperor should nominate any candidate for these offices. But as it was necessary that candidates, should possess the census senatorius and the latus clavus, those who were not the sons of senators had to seek this from the emperor. The Vigintiviri had not the right of sitting in. the senate, which they obtained only by gaining [p. 2.956]the quaestorship. The Vigintivirate lasted till the 3rd century (Spart. Did. Jul. 1), after which we hear no more of it. (Cf. Mommsen, Röm. Staatsr. 2.578-595.)


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