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THESAURUS (θησαυρός), a storehouse, treasury. The name is commonly used both in a correct and an incorrect significance, when applied to surviving buildings; but as the incorrect meaning is at least as old as Pausanias, it is also included here. There are (1) the treasuries of various Greek cities dedicated at Olympia and Delphi, (2) the so-called treasuries at Orchomenus, Mycenae, and elsewhere.

(1) At Olympia the whole row of treasuries described by Pausanias has been unearthed. In architectural form they are like small temples of the Doric order, and so are actually called ναοὶ by Polemo (ap. Ath. 11.489-90). They consist of an oblong chamber with a small prodomus, usually in antis; the treasury of the Geloans has a portico in front, and also internal columns. They were erected at various periods to contain the costly offerings made by those who dedicated them; but later seem to have been used to contain other treasures and works of art requiring protection by a building (Paus. 6.19). The treasuries of various cities at Delphi were probably of similar form, and served a similar purpose (Paus. 10.11).

(2) For the circular sepulchral buildings, falsely called “Treasuries;” such as the “Treasury” of Atreus at Mycenae, see SEPULCRUM p. 644 a.

(Bötticher, Olympia, 2nd edit., Berlin, 1886, pp. 207 sqq.; Richter, de Thesauris Olympiae efforsis, Berlin, 1885; Baumeister, Denkmäler des classischen Alterthums, art. “Olympia,” pp. 1104 B sqq.; Schliemann, Exploration of the Boeotian Orchomenus: Journal of Hellenic Studies, 1881, pp. 122 sqq.; Schliemann, Mycenae, pp. 227 ff.; Thiersch, Die Tholos der Atreus zu Mykenae, in Mittheilungen des deutschen Instituts zu Athen, 1879, pp. 177 sqq.


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