a festival celebrated at Rome in honour
of Vulcan, on the 23rd of August (x. Kal. Sept.
), with games
in the Circus Flaminius, where the god had a temple (C. I. L.
6.2295; Jordan, Ephem. Epig.
1.36, 230). The sacrifice on
this occasion consisted of fishes which the people threw into the fire
(Varro, L. L.
6.20), and of a red heifer and a boar-pig
(C. I. L.
6.826). That the festival was propitiatory, to
stay the destroying fire, is shown not only by the last-mentioned
inscription, which alludes to the great fire of Nero's reign, but also by
the fact that Stata Mater, who stayed the fire, and Juturna and the Nymphs
who supplied water, were associated in the festival (see Marquardt,
3.9, note 2). This may perhaps explain the
selection of fish as the victims. There were feriae
also on the 15th of May (Ov. East.
5.725; Marquardt, Staatsverw.