1. Those who were chosen to fill up a vacancy in any office or collegium, and
especially those who were chosen to fill up the proper number of the senate.
As these would be generally equites, Festus (s. v.) defines the adlecti
to be equites added to the senate,
distinguishing between the patres qui. sunt patricii
and the conscripti, qui in senatu
sunt scriptis annotati;
cf. also Festus, s. v. Conscripti.
conscriptos in novum senatum appellabant
2. Under the empire, by adlectio,
to the lectio
under the republic (Mommsen,
2.877, note), those added to the senate by the
emperor were admitted to a place among the senators who had held the rank of
consul, praetor, tribune or quaestor, according to the emperor's pleasure.
Such were styled adlecti inter consulares, praetorios,
which titles are found as inscriptions. The full form, however, in use even
in the time of Claudius, was adlectus in senatum et inter
v. No. 3117 ;
cf. Momnmsen, Röm. Staatsr.
2.878, note 2.); the
abbreviated expression does not occur before Vespasian (Corp.
3.335 ; 6.1359, &c.) the expression adlectus inter consulares
apparently not before the
3rd century (Orelli, Inscr.
1178). Mommsen distinguishes this
from the conferring of ornamenta consularia,
&c. It is more
probable that the two represent the same institution at different periods
(cf. Willems, Le Sénat Romain,
i. pp. 626-633).
was also the name applied to those
admitted by a decree of the council of a municipium
to a seat in
this body, an admission which generally involved heavy charges (cf. Plin. Ep. 10.112
; Orell. Inscr.