a crossbow, occurs first in Vegetius (de
2.15), but is probably identical with the scorpiones minores
of Livy (26.47
), and the σκορπιδία
of Polybius (8.7
). The crossbowman is arcuballistarius
(Veget. op. cit.
The same writer speaks of a manuballista
the same weapon (2.15), the Greek equivalent of which, χειροβαλλίστρα,
is described by the elder Heron in the first
of his existing fragments. Saglio, who gives two illustrations from
sculpture in the museum at Le Puy, well remarks that the name and the thing
have both come down substantially unaltered (Fr. arbalète
) from ancient times to modern.