), a sort of
council at Argos and Epidaurus inside the governing aristocracy. This latter
consisted of 180 at Epidaurus (Plut. Quaest. Graec.
2.291) and 80 for Argos (Thuc. 5.47
artynoi were a deliberative (βουλευταί,
) and, as their name indicates, an
executive body. They swear to the peace between Athens, Argos, Mantinea, and
Elis in 420 B.C. (Thuc. l.c.
). Arnold on this
passage quotes Müller, Dorier,
2.140, who supposes
that the ἀρτῦναι
succeeded to the civil
powers of the kings as the στρατηγοὶ
succeeded to their military authority. The ἀρτυτήρ
at Thera (C. I, G.
2448, iv. fin.
) seems to have been a financial
magistrate--πράκτωρ καὶ ταμίας,
Boeckh. (See on the ἄρτυνοι,
i. p. 136, E. T.)