defined by Isidor. Orig.
15.16, 20, as
“iter pecudum inter montes angustum et tritum, a callo pecudum
tritum:” cf. Serv. ad
Verg. A. 4.405
In the lex
(C. I. L.
300), § 26, we find
“quod quisque pecudes in calleis viasve publicas itineris causa
induxerit,” where Mommsen notes that calleis
corresponds to what are now called tratture.
Suetonius (Suet. Jul. 19
says that when Caesar and Bibulus were made consuls, “provinciae
minimi negotii, id est, silvae callesque,” were decreed to them,
which can hardly mean, as Mommsen (Hist.
takes it to be, “provinces in which the governor should find no other
employment than the construction of roads and other such works of
utility.” In Tac. Ann. 4.27
MS. reads, “quaestor, cui provincia vetere ex mori calles
evenerat,” which is defended by Orelli, and taken to mean the charge
of the mountain-pastures in the southern Apennines; but most scholars adopt
the conjecture of Lipsius, Cales,
Cales, the oldest Latin colony in Campania, as the residence of the quaestor classicus
in charge of South Italy. (Cf.
2.536, note; and Nipperdey ad loc.