a candle, made either of wax (cerea
) or tallow (sebacea
was used universally by the Romans before the invention of oil lamps
). (Varr. L. L.
5.119; Serv. ad
Verg. A. 1.727
; Athen. 15.
.) They used for a wick the pith of a kind of rush called scirpus
). They [p. 1.352]
were used in funeral
processions (Pers. 3.103). In Livy (40.29
fasces candelis involuti
appear to be
packets wrapped up in a kind of wax cloth. In later times candelae were only
used by the poorer classes; the houses of the more wealthy were always
lighted by lucernae (Juv. Sat.
3.287; cf. Plin. Nat. 34.11
ii. p. 390).