). In Horn. Il. 14.214
, an adj., applied to the girdle
) of Aphrodite, on which were
embroidered all manner of enticements to love (Schol. ap. Ebeling). It means
with holes made by the
--and is derived from the same root
(viz. kas = ferire
) as κεάζω
(Fick, Vergl. Worterb.
(all ancient gramm., Pott, Ahrens). It is to be
considered the same as the στρόφιον, ταινία, μίτρα,
fascia pectoralis, mammillare,
which is found on
statues of Aphrodite worn next the skin ( “ceston de Veneris sinu
: cf. K. O. Müller,
Arch. der Kunst,
§ § 339. 3, 377. 5;
and Baumeister, Denkmäler,
&c. p. 366, fig.
393). It was accordingly made of some soft substance (Catull. 64, 65; Prop. 5.9
is probably what we should call kid. Its
object was to support and sometimes [p. 1.408]
full bosoms, like the modem corset, but it was not used, like the latter, to
pinch in the figure. The Greeks and Romans were strangers to this injurious
practice (Baumeister, l.c.;
3.226 ; Gallus,
3.251). Accordingly, every girl did not wear one. Winckelmann (ap.
) and Saglio
1.1176) consider that, owing to its splendour, the
of Aphrodite was a belt worn outside
the dress. Sometimes Aphrodite is
represented as holding the κεστὸς
hand (Arch. Zeit.
1866, 261; cf. Mart.
); sometimes Cupid wore it on his neck (Mart. 14.206