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CILIC´IUM (δέρρις), a hair-cloth. The material of which the Greeks and Romans almost universally made this kind of cloth, was the hair of goats. The Asiatics made it of camel's-hair. Goats were bred for this purpose in the greatest abundance, and with the longest hair, in Cilicia; and from this country the Latin name of such cloth was derived. Lycia, Phrygia, Spain, and Libya also produced the same article. The cloth obtained by spinning and weaving goat's-hair was nearly black, and was used for the coarse habits which sailors and fishermen wore, as it was the least subject to be destroyed by being wet; also for horse-cloths, tents, sacks, and bags to hold workmen's tools (fabrilia vasa), and for the purpose of covering military engines and the walls and towns of besieged cities, so as to deaden the force of the ram, and to preserve the woodwork from being set on fire. (Aristot. H. A. 8.28; Aelian, 16.30; Varr. R. R. 2.11; Verg. Georg. iii. 312; Liv. 38.7, 10; Plin. Nat. 8.203; Avien. Ora Mar. 218-221; Veget. Ars Vet. i. 42; as ad j., vela, Dig. 33, 7, 12.17; udones, Mart. 14.140.)

[J.Y] [W.S]

hide References (3 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (3):
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 38, 10
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 38, 7
    • Martial, Epigrammata, 14.140
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