), in architecture, an
a wave-shaped moulding, consisting of two
curves, the one concave and the other convex. There were two forms, the
which was concave above and
convex below, thus,
, and the cyma reversa,
convex above and concave below, thus,
. The diminutive cymatium
is the more common name. The original form of the cymatium
was, however, a simple hollow (the cavetto
. This was called the cymatium
and the other the cymatium Lesbicum.
70, ed. Dindorf; Böckh, Corp.
vol. i. p. 284; Vitr. 3.5.7
§ § 6, 8, iv, 6.2, 5.3, 5; Phot. 565, 18; Etym.
p. 749, 38; Gruter, Inscr.
Müller, Archöl. d. Kunst,
Mauch, Gr. und Röm. Bauord.
pp. 6, 7: for examples,
see the profiles on pp. 492-3.)