the name given to the Spartan
citizens and Perioeci during the period in which they were liable to
military service. (Xen. Rep.
, § 7.) This period lasted to the fortieth
year from manhood (ἀφ̓ ἥβης
), that is to
say, to the sixtieth year from birth; and during this time a man could not
go out of the country without permission from the authorities. (Isocr.
§ 18, where μάχιμος,
according to Müller, Dor.
3.12.1, is evidently put for ἔμφρουρος.
The only exemption was for the father of three sons, who became ἄφρουρος
(Aristot. Pol. 2.9
=p. 1270 b, 3; Aelian, Ael. VH 6.6
). For the rule of superannuation at sixty, cf. Xen. Hell. 5.4
, § 13; Plut. Ages. 24
. The word φρουρά,
as Schömann observes, is characteristic of
Spartan modes of thought ; all Laconia was a camp, the Spartiatae a garrison
1.279, E. T.; Gilbert,