who were originally three in number
), were first created in
B.C. 196, to attend to the Epulum Jovis (Valer. Max. 2.1.2; Liv. 31.4
; Gel. 12.8
and the banquets given in honour of the other gods; a duty which had
originally belonged to the Pontifices. (Liv.
; Cic. de Orat. 3.19
de Harusp. Respons.
10, 21; Festus, s. v.
) Their number was afterwards increased to seven
), and they were called Septemviri
We often find Septemvir Epulonum
honorary title in inscriptions (Wilmanns, Inscript.
1112, 1115, 1121, 1148, 1150, 1153, 1160, 1186, 1210, 1212). Once
occurs (Cal. Praen.
17). Julius Caesar added three more (D. C.
), but the title of the college seems always to have been
The Epulones formed a collegium, and were one of the four great religious
corporations at Rome; the other three were those of the Pontifices, Augures,
and Quindecemviri. But, unlike the others, this was from the first open to
plebeians. (D. C. 53.1
; Plin. Ep. 10.3
Marquardt, Röm. Staatsverwaltung,